Sometimes the prosecutor agrees to reduce the charges or drop some of the multiple charges in exchange for the accused`s acceptance of the sentence. The accused, in the application, could argue with the penalty and aggravating and mitigating Circumstancing with the prosecutor who can accept or refuse. The request could also be made by the prosecutor. Arguments could be granted if the sentence, which could be applied in practice, is less than a five-year prison sentence after the reduction of one-third (so-called patteggiamento allargato, extensive negotiation); If the sentence imposed, after the reduction of one third, is less than two years` imprisonment or only a fine (so-called “patteggiamento ristretto” limited negotiation), the accused may have other benefits, such as the suspended sentence and the erasure of the crime, if within five years of sentence the accused does not commit a similar crime. Plea`s negotiations were introduced in India by the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2005, which amended the Code of Criminal Procedure and introduced a new chapter, XXI (A), effective from 5 July 2006.   It authorizes oral arguments in cases where the maximum sentence is seven years` imprisonment; However, offences affecting the socio-economic situation of the country as well as offences against a woman or child under the age of 14 are excluded.  Previous investigations have argued that the problem of innocence is minimal because the accused are exposed to risk and are prepared to defend themselves in court. However, our research shows that if participants are placed in real rather than hypothetical bargaining situations and are presented with accurate information about their statistical probability of success, as they might be informed by their lawyer or the government in a criminal trial, innocent defendants are very reluctant to risk. Author Martin Yant talks about the use of coercion in oral arguments: the accused agrees to plead guilty to reduce the charge (for example.B. aggravated assault instead of attempted murder). Poland has also adopted a limited form of advocacy, which applies only to minor offences (no more than 10 years` imprisonment). The procedure is referred to as a “voluntary submission to a sentence” and allows the court to render an agreed sentence without verifying the evidence, which significantly shortens the trial.
There are some specific conditions that must be met at the same time: Plea`s bargains were rare in early American history. The judges seemed surprised when the accused offered to plead guilty, and they tried to convince them to go to court.