the TFA contains a number of transparency obligations concerning the substantive provisions of the agreement with regard to (i) online descriptions of trade procedures; (ii) contact points to answer questions; (iii) the operation of individual windows; (iv) the use of customs agents; and (v) contact points for the exchange of customs information. 12.2 Nothing in this Article shall be construed to modify or alter the rights or obligations of a Member under such bilateral, plurilateral or regional agreements, or to regulate the exchange of customs information and data under such other agreements. Notification, notification, notification: Developing and least developed countries that are willing to bear in mind the specific and differentiated provisions of the CPA must meet the implementation notification requirements set out in the agreement. These notifications shall be part of the agreement. Developing countries cannot expect to benefit from these flexibilities if they do not respect their part of the agreement. Ratify – the sooner the better: the developing countries that ratify the agreement in the coming months (hopefully not in the year) have already missed some critical deadlines that will prevent them from making maximum use of the TFA`s specific and differential treatment rules. Section II of the Agreement contains groundbreaking provisions on special and differential treatment that link implementation by developing and least-developed countries to the acquisition of capacity to implement the Agreement for the first time in the history of the WTO (see box). In the special and differential treatment provisions, the TFA grants developing and least-developed countries a grace period in which both groups are exempted from the application of the Dispute Settlement Agreement (Article 20). Given the level of development, the agreement provides for shorter periods for developing countries and longer periods, as well as a wider scope for least developed countries. 12.1 This Article shall not prevent a Member from entering into or maintaining a bilateral, plurilateral or regional agreement on the exchange or exchange of customs information and data, even on a secure and expediting basis, for example.
B on an automatic basis or before the arrival of the shipment. In the two years that have been in force, 141 out of 164 countries have ratified the agreement, representing 86% of WTO members (most-favoured-nation application of the TFA). 12 of the remaining 22 countries are LDCs, while the remaining 10 are developing countries. Indeed, nine countries have not ratified the TFA and have not notified category A, B and C obligations. This means that the level of development can have a direct impact, either on the complexity of legal systems or on the ability of countries to assess what they need to do, leading to calls on donors and development partners to assist in legal processes. The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) entered into force on 22 February 2017. It is the result of the Doha Round of trade negotiations, which began in 2001. . .