On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised Withdrawal Agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable it proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be on hold.   The Protocol to the Northern Ireland Agreement is important to ensure that there is no physical customs border between Ireland and the province of Northern Ireland, said Mr Barnier. On 23 January 2020, the UK Parliament approved the draft European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020. However, both sides agreed that in the absence of agreed solutions, the UK would “maintain full compliance with internal market and customs union rules, which support now or in the future North-South cooperation, the island economy and the protection of the 1998 agreement”.8 This agreement was the good news of what has been known as the “Northern Ireland backstop”. the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland annexed to the text of the Withdrawal Agreement of November 2018. Ministers say the legislation is needed to avoid “harmful” tariffs on goods travelling from the rest of the UK to Northern Ireland if negotiations with the EU for a free trade agreement fail. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the procedure for a member state`s exit from the Union and introduces a two-year countdown to withdrawal. During the transition period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. . . .