Putin reiterated his offer at his December 19 press conference and said: “We are ready to extend the new existing START as it is until the end of the year.” The new start expires on February 5, 2021, but can be extended for up to five years, subject to the agreement of the US and Russian presidents. The person said it was not yet clear whether the freeze agreement would be concluded or translated into an extension of the new START contract, which expires in February. But if it works, the person said that a deal before the November 3 presidential election could be struck out to extend the agreement and ultimately put China in the deal, a long-standing claim of the Trump administration. Mr. Trump has long refused to sign a five-year extension of the agreement, a move the two leaders could take without Senate approval. He called the Obama-era treaty deeply flawed – what he said about the North American free trade agreement and the nuclear deal with Iran – because it would not cover all Russian nuclear weapons or Chinese nuclear weapons. If an agreement were to be reached before the elections, it would take the form of a politically binding declaration by both sides. There would be a separate exchange of diplomatic notes to extend the new START, which would be legally binding. Other directors said it was premature to extend the new start. The Undersecretary of Defense for Policy, John Rood, told the Senate Armed Services Committee on December 5: “If the United States now agrees to renew the treaty, I think it would be less likely that we would have the ability to convince Russia and China to start negotiations for a broader agreement.” Senator Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) argued that renewing the contract would “give us more time” to negotiate a new agreement with Russia and China. “I think it`s a red herring that suggests we can`t do anything against New START without involving China,” Shaheen told Ford. Russia has also expressed concern about the Trump administration`s desire to reach a broader agreement. After a meeting with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in Washington on 10 December, Lavrov said that “our American colleagues have not yet written their formal proposals”.
Lavrov said Moscow was in favour of extending the current treaty for a new five-year period without conditions, but was also ready to draw up a new agreement with the Americans. Several U.S. senators have stressed the Trump administration`s unwillingness to extend the New Strategic Arms Treaty (New START) and the lack of a plan to negotiate a new arms control agreement. In the weeks leading up to the elections, the two men announced that they had agreed on the principle of extending New START, the last major arms control agreement between the two countries. It expires on February 5, two weeks after the president`s next inauguration. Earlier this week, the United States said it had reached an agreement in principle with Russia to extend New START, but Moscow quickly rejected the U.S. terms. But Russia`s chief negotiator in the talks, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Riabkov, dismissed the principled accusations of the agreement as a “wishful thinking” on the United States.part and stressed that there were still sharp differences and that Moscow would not sign an agreement on U.S. terms. “We welcome the opportunity to conclude an agreement based on agreements reached in recent weeks on how the range of New START expansion opportunities and a win-win outcome increases the stability of the world`s most dangerous weapons,” SO Usa said.